Yarn Knowledge
Most manufactured fibers both burn and melt, and also tend to shrink away from the flame. Other identifying characteristics include:

Acetate: Has an odor similar to burning paper and vinegar. Itīs residue is a hard, dark, solid bead.


  • Luxurious appearance
  • Crisp or soft hand
  • Wide range of colors; dyes and prints well
  • Excellent drapeability and softness
  • Shrink, moth, and mildew resistant
  • Low moisture absorbency, relatively fast drying
  • No piling problem, little static problem
  • Most acetate garments require dry-cleaning

    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel- Blouses, dresses, linings, special occasion apparel,
  • Home Fashions - Draperies, upholstery, curtains, bedspreads.

    Acetate is a "dry clean only" fiber. However, again, read the label, because many of the new acetate circular knits, that have been out on the market for a few years, are hand washable. So far, there is no washable woven acetate available in the marketplace.

    Acrylic: Has a fishy odor. The residue is a hard irregularly-shaped bead. It also gives off a black smoke when burned


  • Light-weight, soft, warm with a wool-like hand
  • Dyes to bright colors with excellent fastness
  • Outstanding wickability
  • Machine washable, quick drying
  • Resilient; retains shape; resists shrinkage, & wrinkles
  • Flexible aesthetics for wool-like, cotton-like or blended appearance
  • Excellent pleat retention
  • Resistant to moths, oil and chemicals
  • Superior resistance to sunlight degradation
  • Static and piling can be a problem

    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - sweaters, socks, fleece, circular knit apparel, sportswear, children wear
  • Home Fashions - Blankets, throws, upholstery, awnings, outdoor furniture, rugs/floor coverings

    Nylon: Has an odor likened to celery. Itīs residue is initially a hard, cream-colored bead that becomes darker.


  • Lightweight
  • Exceptional strength
  • Good drapeability
  • Abrasion resistant
  • Easy to wash
  • Resists shrinkage and wrinkling
  • resilient, pleat retentive
  • Fast drying, low moisture absorbency
  • Can be precolored or dyed in a wide range of colors
  • Resistant to damage from oil and many chemicals
  • Static and piling can be a problem
  • Poor resistance to continuous sunlight


    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - swim wear, active wear, intimate apparel, foundation garments, hosiery, blouses, dresses, sportswear, pants, jackets, skirts, raincoats, ski and snow apparel, windbreaks, children wear.
  • Home Fashions - carpets, rugs, curtains, upholstery, draperies, bedspreads
  • Other - Luggage, back packets, life vests, umbrellas, sleeping bags, tents.

    Olefin/Polyolefin: Has a chemical type odor. The residue id a hard, tan-colored bead. The flames creates black smoke.


  • Lightweight, lightest fiber, it floats
  • Strong
  • Abrasion resistant, resilient
  • Stain-, static-, sunlight-, and odor-resistant
  • High insulation characteristics
  • Resists deterioration from chemicals, mildew, perspiration, rot and weather
  • Fast drying
  • High wickability
  • Color fast, because colors are incorporated during fiber forming stage
  • Spills can be readily wiped up
  • Static and piling can be a problem
  • Ironing, washing and drying need to be done at low temperature
  • Non-allergenic

    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - active wear, sportswear, jeans, socks, underwear, lining fabrics.
  • Home Fashions - indoor and outdoor carpets, carpet backing, upholstery, wall coverings, furniture and     bedding construction fabrics.

    Polyester: Has a somewhat sweet chemical odor. The residue is initially a hard cream-colored bead that becomes darker. Flames gives off black smoke.


  • Strong
  • Crisp, soft hand
  • Resistant to stretching and shrinkage
  • Washable or dry-cleanable
  • Quick drying
  • Resilient, wrinkle resistant, excellent pleat retention (if heat set)
  • Abrasion resistant
  • Resistant to most chemicals
  • Because of its low absorbency, stain removal can be a problem
  • Static and piling problems


    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - essentially every form of clothing, dresses, blouses, jackets, separates, sportswear, suits, shirts, pants, rain wear, lingerie, children wear
  • Home Fashions - curtains, draperies, floor coverings, fiber fill, upholstery, bedding .

    Spandex: It burns and melts, but does not shrink from the flame. It has a chemical type odor. Its residue is a soft black ash

    • Lycra is the spandex fiber produced by Invista. It is lightweight and soft, but stronger and more durable than rubber. Lycra can be stretched over 500% without breaking, and can be stretched repeatedly and still recover it's original length. It provides lightweight freedom of movement in men's, women's and children's apparel. Uses include athletic apparel, bathing suits, foundation garments, ski pants, slacks, tights, slacks, support and surgical hose.

    Natural Fiber - cellulose

  • Characteristics:

    • Comfortable
    • Soft hand
    • Absorbent
    • Good color retention, prints well
    • Machine-washable, dry-cleanable
    • Good strength
    • Drapes well
    • Easy to handle and sew

    Major End Uses:

  • Apparel - Wide range of wearing apparel: blouses, shirts, dresses, children wear, active wear, separates, swim wear, suits, jackets, skirts, pants, sweaters, hosiery, neck wear.
  • Home Fashions - curtains, draperies, bedspreads, comforters, throws, sheets, towels, table cloth, table mats, napkins

    Manufactured Fiber - cellulose-based from wood pulp

  • Soft and comfortable
  • Drapes well
  • Highly absorbent
  • Dyes and prints well
  • No static, no piling problems
  • Fabric can shrink appreciably if washing dry-clean-only rayon
  • Washable or dry cleanable. Read the label!

    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - Blouses, dresses, jackets, lingerie, linings, millinery, slacks, sportshirts, sportswear, suits, ties, work clothes
  • Home Fashions - bedspreads, blankets, curtains, draperies, sheets, slip covers, table cloth, upholstery.

    Natural Fiber - made from the hair of angora goats

  • Long, lustrous, strong fiber
  • Luxurious
  • Soft hand
  • Most resilient natural textile fiber
  • Lightweight, warms, good insulator
  • Dyes well, brilliant colors
  • Non-crush, non-mat and non-pill qualities.
  • Resists fading

    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - coats, suits, dresses, sweaters, accessories, lounge wear, socks.
  • Home Fashions - blankets, throws, upholstery, draperies, carpets, rugs.
    Natural Fiber - Also known as China grass.


  • Very absorbent (more absorbent than linen)
  • Quick drying.
  • Very resistant to mildew and rotting
  • Good strength
  • Smooth lustrous appearance that improves with washing
  • Similar to linen, but lower quality
  • Fibers are brittle, with low twisting or bending strength.
  • Poor resiliency
  • Wrinkles easily

  • Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - dresses, suits, separates, skirts, jackets, pants, blouses, shirts, children wear.
  • Home Fashions - curtains, draperies, upholstery, bedspreads, table linens, sheets, dish towels.

    Comments Best in blends with other softer fibers.

    Natural Fiber - animal fiber created by the silk worm

  • Soft or crisp hand
  • Luxurious
  • Drapes and tailors well
  • Thinnest of all natural fibers
  • Dyes and prints well
  • Hand-washable or dry-cleanable
  • Little problem with static, no piling problem
  • Only fair abrasion resistance
  • Poor resistance to prolonged exposure to sunlight

    Major End Uses:
  • Apparel - dresses, blouses, skirts, jackets, pants, pants, scarves, ties.
  • Home Fashion - curtains, draperies, upholstery.

    Do you still want to know more Call us

    213 627 0034



    Home Page | Search | Contact Us | Cotton | Rayon Blends | Cotton Blend | Modal | Bamboo | MODAL 1 | STRIPE JERSEY | BAMBOO-A | POINTEL | DYE PROCESS | FIBER | Knitting | New Knit | ORGANIC FABRICS | MODAL SILK | RAYON | RAYON-VISCOSE | MODAL2